Confluence of the Indus and Zanskar Rivers

The Northern tributary of Indus River is called Zanskar. There are 2 branches of the Zanskar; Doda near Pensi-La and Kargyag River with Shingo La as its source. Both tributaries of Zanskar meet each other below the village of Purne to form another famous river known as Lungnak.

Confluence of Indus and Zanskar River
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Lungnak again flows in the north west direction towards the central valley (Gzungh Khor) where upon uniting with Doda river again it forms Zanskar. The river Zanskar then flows taking a North-East course all through Zanskar Gorge till it again meets its Mother River; Indus in a beautiful confluence 3 km near Nimmu village in Ladakh.

Nimmu in Ladakh

Nimmu is located in the South East part of Ladakh and is at a distance of about 35 km from Leh the capital town of Jammu & Kashmir. It is a beautiful spot which attracts thousands of tourists from across the world. Nimmu is a famous stopping point for all river rafting groups that are held every year in India along the river Indus. There is a vast variation of temperature in this region as in the summer the temperature touches 40 degree centigrade while it is below -29 degree centigrade in winter. There is very little vegetative cover in this area because of the extremities of the climate. In spite of the not-so friendly weather Nimmu is a preferred accommodation point as there are heritage hotels here and it is near tourist spots like Pathar Sahib Gurudwara.

View of Confluence of Indus and Zanskar Rivers
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Just beside the Nimmu town there is the surprisingly beautiful demarcation of a brilliant blue river (Indus) and dirty green river (Zanskar). The river Indus has originated in the Changthang frosty desert and has crystal clear waters. In summers Indus is placid while Zanskar is somewhat turbid. However in winter the situation is modified as Zanskar starts to freeze up while Indus still flows fast albeit with chunks of ice floating in it. The confluence of Indus and Zanskar at a whooping 10,823 feet always makes for a picturesque sight.

River Rafting at the Confluence of Zanskar River and Indus River

Zanskar river carries one of the most spectacular gorges in the world earning it a name as Grand Canyon of Himalaya. Most geologists of the world name the Zanskar river rafting exercise as a trip down to geological paradise. Riding a substantial chunk of the Zanskar river requires 4 days of time and a bone shaking jeep ride through the wild landscape of Himalaya.

Glow around the Confluence of Zanskar River and Indus River
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The Kayaking and River rafting activities are popular at the confluence of Indus and Zanskar river. However both activities fall in the category of adventure sports and are not really meant for the faint hearted. Before participating in the River Rafting or Kayaking activity its necessary to sign an undertaking saying that your participation is at your risk.

The white waters of Indus has rapids of 1 and 2 categories while 3 and 5th grade rapids are found at some points. Most raft rides start from Phey to Nimo and from Pushy to Nimo. The average charge per person for a rafting ride is about INR 1000 per person.

How to Reach confluence of Indus and Zanskar

The best time for making a trip to these parts of Himalayan wilderness is between June to September. It’s possible to hire a jeep (a fancy car cannot bear the brunt of the road) and reach the confluence of Indus and Zanskar in 3-4 hours.

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